Epidemiology of Orthopaedic Trauma Admissions over One Year at a Tertiary Level Trauma Center in Nepal

Hamal B*, Adhikari BR**, Dhungana S***

Abstract


Introduction: Traumatic orthopaedic injuries are the significant problems in healthcare system in our country. We encounter many traumatic injuries in our trauma center which have been increasing day by day. The aim of this study was to analyze the different epidemiological parameters influencing the cause of trauma attending our trauma center.


Method: It was a retrospective study of orthopaedic trauma cases admitted at National Trauma Center in Kathmandu over a period of one year. Age, Gender, mode of injuries, body region wise injuries were analyzed. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 20.


Result: Total 2848 patients of orthopaedic trauma cases were admitted. Males were more injured than females with a ratio of 1.27:1. Most common mode of injury was fall injury (48.77%)
followed by road traffic accidents (33.77%). Lower limb trauma was 47.82% followed by upper limb trauma 32.44%.


Conclusion: Leading cause of trauma was fall injuries followed by road traffic accident. Young adult males were the most commonly affected group. Most common injury types were fractures and soft tissue injuries. Result of our study may help to identify the preventive measures and to formulate public health policy for improved healthcare delivery system.


Keywords: Epidemiology, Fractures, Orthopaedic Injuries, Road Traffic Accident.

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