An epidemiological study of orthopaedic Trauma cases attending at Sub regional Hospital, Nepal

R* Kushwaha


IntroductioN: Physical trauma is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity among young and active age group and gradually trauma cases are increasing because of significant urbanization, motorization, industrialization and a change in the socioeconomic values. The aim of the study is to assess the various epidemiological parameters that influence the cause of injury in the patient and there are only few study concerning the spectrum of physical trauma in Nepal.

Method: A retrospective study was done in Narayani Sub-Regional Hospital over a period of one year (January 2016 to December 2016) in 2170 trauma cases attending to hospital and epidemiological information, mode, type and pattern of injury were recorded. Obtained data was analyzed in Spps..

Result: In a period of one year 2170 trauma cases presented to the hospital and maximum number of cases (235) was in the month June. Injuries occurs predominantly in the age group of 15-49 year. Male incurred more injury with male to female ratio of 5:1. Road traffic accident (RTA) was the commonest mode of injury(70%) followed by fall injury (15%). The lower limb were the most common body region injured (42%) followed by upper limb(38%).

Conclusion: RTA and fall related injuries are the most common mode of trauma involving young adult in their active period of life, so appropriate preventive measure through public health approach, improved road condition, proper traffic knowledge with comprehensive trauma management for reducing mortality and morbidity rates related to physical trauma.

Keywords: Orthopaedic, trauma, epidemiology, fractures.

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