Outcome of the Patients Admitted in New Intensive Care Unit, Bir Hospital: Five years review

Vaidya PR*, Shrestha RR**


Abstract IntroductIon: Intensive care unit (ICU) is a place where critically ill patients are treated. Decreasing the mortality of patients is one of the major concerns of the Intensive care unit.

Method: This is a retrospective study. All the patients admitted to the New ICU over a period of 5 years(April 2009till April 2014) were included.The data were collected from an admission register. These data were transferred into SPSS version 21 for analysis.

Result: During the study period,1115patients were admitted; among them 58% were male, 42% were female and 72% were medical patients and 28% were surgical patients.The mean age of the patients admitted in ICU was 47±20 years. The mean days of the patients who stayed in ICU were6.67±0.56 days.During the ICU stay 55% of patient’srequired mechanical ventilation.The mean days of patients in ventilator were 2.7±5.5 days.Among the patients who were admitted,63% were improved and discharged from the ICU, 28.7% expired, 8.3% left against medical advice (LAMA).

Conclusion: The most commonly admitted patients in New ICU were of male gender, age group of 20-39 yrs, medical patients and patients with problem related to the gastrointestinal system. The outcome of the female patients, age group of 20-39 yrs, surgical patients were good. Relative risk in the patients when ventilated mechanically was 5.52.The cases of poisoning have the best outcome.

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